Discover its causes and treatments
Atopic dermatitis (also known as DA) is the most common type of eczema. Usually it is pruritic (itching) and presents as a red rash on the cheeks, arms and legs. Generally, it begins in the first six months of the baby's life and decreases as the child grows, although many people continue to have eruptions of atopic dermatitis in adulthood: it is estimated that the 10% of all people in the world will be affected by this disease at some point in your life. The condition seems to be more common in urban areas and developed countries. Fortunately, the DA is not contagious. Although it is a common form of eczema, it can be considered serious and lasting.
Atopic dermatitis is directly related to two other allergic conditions: asthma and hay fever (allergic rhinitis). People with asthma and / or hay fever or with family members who have it are more likely to develop AD. However, the exact cause that causes it is unknown. Researchers have concluded that it is produced by a genetic combination and other immunological factors. When a substance from within or outside the body triggers the immune system, it reacts in an exaggerated way and produces inflammation. It is this inflammation that causes the skin to become red, irritable and itchy.
Research also shows that some people with atopic dermatitis have a mutation in the gene responsible for the creation of filaggrin. Filaggrin is a protein that helps our bodies maintain a healthy protective barrier in the upper layer of the skin. Without a sufficient amount of filaggrin to build a strong skin barrier, moisture escapes and bacteria can penetrate. This is the reason why many people with AD have very dry and prone skin infections.
In some cases, atopic dermatitis may present improvement but, unfortunately, it can be aggravated when the known "atopic outbreaks" develop. Although there is no cure that completely eradicates this pathology, there are some treatments to alleviate their symptoms and make it more bearable. Eduardo López Bran, founder dermatologist of the Imema aesthetic clinic in Madrid, advises "the use of topical and local soft corticosteroids that will relieve pain and inflammation quickly and, in addition, reestablish a correct hydration of the skin by combining the corticosteroids with the use of emollient or moisturizing creams several times a day. "
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